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托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目(八十五)

2018-12-04 12:33 | |
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  托福阅读中,无论是阅读速度还是解题技巧,亦或是长难句,每一种因素都会成为同学们阅读高分路上的重要障碍。因此,大家最好的备考方式,就是利用真题练习,从整体上来备考,这样有助于我们提高整体的阅读水平。新东方在线托福网为大家推荐的是托福阅读真题100篇,供大家练习。

【点击查看托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目汇总】

  PASSAGE 85

  Tulips are Old World, rather than New World, plants, with the origins of the species lying in Central Asia. They became an integral part of the gardens of the Ottoman Empire from the sixteenth century onward, and, soon after, part of European life as well. Holland, in particular, became famous for its cultivation of the flower.

  A tenuous line marked the advance of the tulip to the New World, where it was unknown in the wild. The first Dutch colonies in North America had been established in New Netherlands by the Dutch West India Company in 1624, and one individual who settled in New Amsterdam (today's Manhattan section of New York City) in 1642 described the flowers that bravely colonized the settlers' gardens. They were the same flowers seen in Dutch still-life paintings of the time: crown imperials, roses, carnations, and of course tulips. They flourished in Pennsylvania too, where in 1698 William Penn received a report of John Tateham's Great and Stately Palace, its garden full of tulips. By 1760, Boston newspapers were advertising 50 different kinds of mixed tulip roots. But the length of the journey between Europe and North America created many difficulties. Thomas Hancock, an English settler, wrote thanking his plant supplier for a gift of some tulip bulbs from England, but his letter the following year grumbled that they were all dead.

  Tulips arrived in Holland, Michigan, with a later wave of early nineteenth-century Dutch immigrants who quickly colonized the plains of Michigan. Together with many other Dutch settlements, such as the one at Pella, Iowa, they established a regular demand for European plants. The demand was bravely met by a new kind of tulip entrepreneur, the traveling salesperson. One Dutchman, Hendrick van der Schoot, spent six months in 1849 traveling through the United States taking orders for tulip bulbs. While tulip bulbs were traveling from Europe to the United States to satisfy the nostalgic longings of homesick English and Dutch settlers, North American plants were traveling in the opposite direction. In England, the enthusiasm for American plants was one reason why tulips dropped out of fashion in the gardens of the rich and famous.

  1. Which of the following questions does the passage mainly answer?

  (A) What is the difference between an Old World and a New World plant?

  (B) Why are tulips grown in many different parts of the world?

  (C) How did tulips become popular in North America?

  (D) Where were the first Dutch colonies in North America located?

  2. The word integral in line 2 is closest in meaning to

  (A) interesting

  (B) fundamental

  (C) ornamental

  (D) overlooked

  3. The passage mentions that tulips were first found in which of the following regions?

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