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托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目(九十九)

2018-12-04 12:33 | |
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  托福阅读真题100篇即将结束了,小伙伴们有没有好好的复习这些真题呢?如果大家能够踏踏实实的来备考完这100篇阅读真题,相信大家的阅读会有很大的提升。这次我们的真题内容就要结尾了,来看看最后的几篇真题吧!

【点击查看托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目汇总】

  PASSAGE 99

  Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica. Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling back through time.

  The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in the glacier.

  The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide. Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the global temperature dropped 9 F (5 C°), carb°on dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally, as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around 280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.

  There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being brought to the surface and burned today.

  1. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

  (A) Chemical causes of ice ages

  (B) Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers

  (C) Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature

  (D) Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere

  2. The word accumulated in line 6 is closest in meaning to.

  (A) spread out

  (B) changed

  (C) became denser

  (D) built up

  3. According to the passage , the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important

  because it

  (A) allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques

  (B) permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth

  (C) provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods

  (D) confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed

  4. The phrase tantamount to in line 7 is closest in meaning to精彩内容第二页继续......

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