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托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目(八十三)

2018-12-04 12:33 | |
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  阅读部分也是托福考试的一大难点,其实托福阅读提升的障碍主要集中在两个方面,一个是时间,一个是理解。大家要在有限的时间里,快速的阅读并且作对题目。那么同学们在平时的复习中,就要多找一些真题来加强练习了,新东方在线托福网为大家推荐的是托福阅读真题100篇。

【点击查看托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目汇总】

  PASSAGE 83

  The economic depression in the late-nineteenth-century United States contributed significantly to a growing movement in literature toward realism and naturalism. After the 1870's, a number of important authors began to reject the romanticism that had prevailed immediately following the Civil War of 1861-1865 and turned instead to realism. Determined to portray life as it was, with fidelity to real life and accurate representation without idealization, they studied local dialects, wrote stories which focused on life in specific regions of the country, and emphasized the true relationships between people. In doing so, they reflected broader trends in the society, such as industrialization, evolutionary theory which emphasized the effect of the environment on humans, and the influence of science.

  Realists such as Joel Chandler Harris and Ellen Glasgow depicted life in the South, Hamlin Garland described life on the Great Plains, and Sarah Orne Jewett wrote about everyday life in rural New England. Another realist, Bret Harte, achieved fame with stories that portrayed local life in the California mining camps. Samuel Clemens, who adopted the pen name Mark Twain, became the country's most outstanding realist author, observing life around him with a humorous and skeptical eye. In his stories and novels, Twain drew on his own experiences and used dialect and common speech instead of literary language, touching off a major change in American prose style.

  Other writers became impatient even with realism. Pushing evolutionary theory to its limits, they wrote of a world in which a cruel and merciless environment determined human fate. These writers, called naturalists, often focused on economic hardship, studying people struggling with poverty, and other aspects of urban and industrial life. Naturalists brought to their writing a passion for direct and honest experience.

  Theodore Dreiser, the foremost naturalist writer, in novels such as Sister Carrie, grimly portrayed a dark world in which human beings were tossed about by forces beyond their understanding or control. Dreiser thought that writers should tell the truth about human affairs, not fabricate romance, and Sister Carrie, he said, was not intended as a piece of literary craftsmanship, but was a picture of conditions.

  1. Which aspect of late-nineteenth-century United States literature does the passage mainly

  discuss?

  (A) The influence of science on literature

  (B) The importance of dialects for realist writers

  (C) The emergence of realism and naturalism

  (D) The effects of industrialization on romanticism

  2. The word prevailed in line 4 is closest in meaning to

  (A) dominated

  (B) transformed

  (C) entered

  (D) generalized

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